Measles, rubella, scarlet fever, chicken pox: how to distinguish children’s diseases

The Red-points-comparison: measles, rubella, scarlet fever and chicken pox cause red spots. But which childhood disease has the child? So you can decode the typical symptoms.

  • The most common bacterial childhood disease is scarlet fever.
  • Also vaccination against varicella.
  • Rubella is usually harmless.

Everything on Red in Roulette, of children’s diseases parents are both in the case of measles as well as rubella, scarlet fever and chicken pox faced with red spots. If the child gets a rash, is often not immediately clear what kind of infection it is.

Since the typical children’s diseases resemble very visually should be investigated by a doctor, the cause of the rash. Depending on how the red spots look like and what symptoms accompany it, you will find in this Overview, the first references to the actual disease. Best offer on


Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by a virus. It is transmitted by droplet infection and is in two phases with cold symptoms in the first, and the red spots in the second Phase.

What are the red dots has the child?

At the time of measles infection, the child gets in the main phase (between the third and seventh day after the appearance of the first symptoms) is a blotchy, red rash. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) describes the points as a brownish-pink colors, and irregular. The spots appear first behind the ears and then spread from the face over the body.

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Other symptoms in the first Phase:

  • high fever
  • strong cough and runny nose
  • sore eyes
  • small white spots on the mucous membrane of the mouth, called Koplik’s spots

What medications help with measles?

There is no medicine for measles. Be treated, the symptoms for example, cough is a style of learning or a fever means sink.

How can the measles infection prevent?

Protect children against measles with a vaccination. If the mother is vaccinated against the disease, with get the babies from her the Vaccination. Even the children between the 11. and the 14. Months of age vaccinated for the first Time. Between the 15. and the 23. Month, the second vaccination is done. Usually Doctors give the measles vaccine in combination with Mumps and rubella.

Anyone who has had measles, it is also generally immune to the disease.

What help means in the case of measles, read up on the partners page


Such as measles, rubella (Rubella) is a viral infection. It is transmitted by droplets through the air and is usually harmless. In pregnancy, rubella can be dangerous for the Baby.

What are the red dots has the child?

Rubella can cause small red spots (weaker than in the case of measles), often with nodules. The red spots spread from the face over the body and finally the arms and legs. After one to three days they disappear again.

Other Symptoms:

  • Headache
  • increased temperature
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • slight runny nose
  • Conjunctivitis

What medications help in case of rubella?

In the same way as in the case of measles, the itching, for example, lotions will be treated for rubella, only the symptoms.

How can the rubella infection prevention?

The Standing Committee on vaccination (STIKO) at the Robert Koch Institute recommends the rubella vaccination. Usually, Doctors will give the live vaccine in combination with the vaccine against Mumps and measles (MMR vaccination). If the child should go prior to the eleventh month of life in a Nativity scene, this can take place according to RKI even from the ninth month.

What help means in the case of rubella, refer to the partner page

Surf tip:

Children’s diseases in the Overview

Measles, Mumps, rubella – the classic children’s diseases. How, exactly, symptoms and treatment differ? The Overview on NetMoms.


The throat infection with streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes) belongs, according to the Robert Koch Institute, the most common bacterial diseases in children. Especially often it occurs in the age group of Six – to twelve-year-old. Scarlet fever is transmitted by droplet infection through the air.

What are the red dots has the child?

Skin and throat to stain red. The typical red spots (fine and in the size of a plug-in pinhead) usually appear first on the torso. From there, they spread to the whole body. The rash starts to fade after six to nine days.

Other Symptoms

  • mild to severe neck pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • high fever
  • white covering and swelling on the tongue (“raspberry tongue”)
  • Head -, and limb pain

What medication of salmon to help with crowd?

Scarlet fever is treated with a (ten-day) course of Penicillin treatment.

How can scarlet fever-infection prevention?

A protective vaccine is not available. Prevention with hygiene measures such as thorough hand washing. Scarlet fever is a childhood diseases that can have children more often – immune, it is only against the bacteria type that triggered the acute disease.

What home remedies help in the case of scarlet fever, read on the partners page

Chicken pox

Chicken pox (Varicella) are transferred to a highly contagious children disease by droplet infection and smear infection (in the bubbles). It is according to the RKI as the most common infectious disease in children. Prior to vaccination in the year 2004, about 750,000 children received annually from chicken pox.

The panel of experts advises to vaccinate children against the following diseases:

Immunization schedule of the Stiko

What are the red dots has the child?

The typical rash for chickenpox comes in spurts, forms blisters, and is characterized by severe itching. The red dots spread out from the fuselage over the face to the whole body. They heal after about ten days.

Other Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever

What medications help with chicken pox?

The blisters should not be scratched. Otherwise, Physicians treat, for example, lotions, especially the symptoms. Intensive skin care can also avoid additional bacterial infections.

How can the chicken pox infection prevention?

The STIKO recommends Varicella vaccination for all children and young people. Eleven to 14 months, the Small get the first dose, either simultaneously with the first MMR vaccination or four weeks after that. Number two follows at the age of 15 to 23 months.

Anyone who has had chicken pox is also usually immune to it. However, not against shingles, which is triggered by the same Virus.

Help what home remedies for chicken pox, read on the partners page

Vaccination protects the smallpox, before the typical children’s diseases: measles, rubella, and wind. Scarlet fever-until after the outbreak with antibiotics to treat.

An Overview of the most important children’s diseases, please visit the partner page