Aging population a growing Problem
The life expectancy of people has increased in the last century, leading to a growing challenge for health systems and society as a whole. In a recent study have now been analyzed, the expected activity limitations in older adults, in order to be better in challenges of an aging population prepared.
In the case of the study by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) has been studied, what problems might arise in the future in dealing with the ageing population and how to manage them. The results were published in the English scientific journal “Scientific Reports”.
Proportion of older people in the world
Up to the year 2050, the world population aged 60 years and older is expected that two billion people to reach, the research reports. Of these individuals, approximately 80 percent will live in countries with low and middle income. How healthy the elderly are in the process of hanging out very much of their physical and social environment, the health and social support systems in their countries, as well as to your personal properties.
What was the aim of the research?
So lets have some 80-Year-old from similar physical and mental abilities, such as some 30-Year-old, while other people increases your physical and mental health, know already in a very much younger age, significant deterioration.
Here, comprehensive information is required as to how people in different countries are aging and how much support would you need if you begin to experience age-related physical limitations. Only in this way will it be possible in the future infrastructure of the public health and necessary services to plan ahead in order to meet the needs of older people, report the researchers.
Limited data for countries with low and middle-income
While European countries and the United States for many years, extensive surveys on the topic of ageing and health, are available for countries with low and middle incomes, only a very limited amount of national information about the ageing population. On the basis of data from the World Health Survey and the UN World Population Prospects have been made, therefore, in the present study, for the first time, projections for countries with low and middle income.
Forecasts for 23 countries were created
Under application of an innovative methodology, which was developed at IIASA, the researchers examined specifically the health condition on the basis of the activity limitations of older adults people in the world, and projected the proportion of men and women aged over 50 years with severe activity limitations for the 23 countries with low and middle income.
Similar trends in Health in poorer and richer countries
The results showed for the next 30 years, constant prevalence rates of severe activity limitations in older adults, even in countries with low and middle income. Overall, it was surprising that in these countries, similar health trends were observed, such as in high-income countries, reports the researchers. Also be observed in the proportion of older people in the total population large differences in the 23 countries studied, so that the proportion of older adults with physical limitations.
It is the impact of an ageing population is important to understand
The importance of the ageing of the population and its global impact cannot be overstated. It is important to raise awareness, not only for global issues on ageing of the population, but also for the importance of transnational research and transnational policy Dialogue. This could face the challenges of a global ageing population, contribute to, explains the research group.
Possible global priorities for the future?
The current study makes a contribution to the research, what are the political Decision-making will help, and a future that is characterized by the challenges associated with the ageing of the world population. The researchers emphasize that the financial preparation for a longer life and the search for ways to reduce age-related disabilities in the near future is likely to be to national and global priorities. (as)